Difference Between 316 and 316L Marine Steel
When choosing the right grade of stainless steel for a marine application, it is important to understand the differences between the two alloy grades. These differences can have a significant impact on the durability, cost and strength of the finished product. Grade 316 is often more expensive than grade 316L. However, it offers greater resistance to corrosion in harsh marine environments. In addition to higher levels of chromium and nickel, 316 has molybdenum in its composition. This increases its resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion in seawater. It also provides protection from perchloride chemicals and acids. Cathodic protection can be applied to 316 types of stainless steel to further increase their durability.
316 marine grade stainless steel is often used for structural components due to its ability to resist high levels of corrosion caused by saltwater and chloride. It can also be easily welded and is highly durable in a wide range of temperatures. This makes it a popular choice for shipbuilding, boat construction and other marine applications that require a strong and reliable metal.
Both 316 and 316L are austenitic stainless steel alloys, and they contain similar amounts of chromium and nickel. However, 316L has lower carbon content, which improves its formability and weldability. The low carbon content of 316L also reduces the likelihood of sensitization and intergranular corrosion in welded structures.
What is the Difference Between 316 and 316L Marine Steel?
The difference between the two alloy grades is in their concentration of molybdenum. Grade 316 has more molybdenum than 316L, which increases its resistance to corrosion in harsh marine environments. In particular, it is resistant to pitting and crevice corrosion in salt water and provides good protection from exposure to perchloride chemicals and acids. It is also less susceptible to corrosion from iodides, bromides and sulfuric acid than other grades of stainless steel. It can be combined with other grades of steel and other non-stainless steels without the risk of corrosion.
marine grade 316 stainless steel is more expensive than 316L, but it has better weldability and corrosion resistance. 316L is sometimes used for plumbing and medical equipment because of its sterility properties. However, it is more prone to stress corrosion cracking and may require post welding treatment.
Whether you are building a yacht or repairing an engine, you can trust KDMFab to provide the best quality and service for all of your 316 and 316L fabrication needs. Our team has the expertise to create high-quality metal products that can stand up to any marine environment. Contact us today to get started with your project. Our experts are ready to answer your questions and provide the help you need. You can also visit our website to learn more about the machining, welding and other services we offer. We are committed to providing exceptional customer service and look forward to working with you.
One of the distinguishing features of marine grade 316 stainless steel is its passive film or oxide layer that forms on the surface when exposed to oxygen. This passive film acts as a protective barrier, preventing corrosion and ensuring the longevity of the material even in aggressive marine conditions. Consequently, marine grade 316 stainless steel exhibits outstanding resistance to pitting corrosion, crevice corrosion, and stress corrosion cracking, which are common concerns in marine applications.